The dangers that encircle Holland
Satirical cartoon displaying political dangers to Dutch territorial integrity
The cartoon, originally published in the Dutch newspaper De Amsterdammer, reflected a growing Dutch fear of foreign annexation. While the German army was perceived as the greatest danger to Dutch territorial integrity, the British Navy, which already controlled Dutch sea trade and essentially had halted it, caused fear for the annexation of Dutch havens and colonies. Dutch politicians were forced to waver between the German 'devil' and the British 'blue sea' (Abbenhuis 2006: 187), fearing both and not trusting anyone.