Sources

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Open letters from the Egyptian revolutionary Dr Rifat to the German Chancellor von Bethmann Hollweg published and commented on by an anonymous anti-colonial journalist in the Dutch-Indonesian weekly…

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Themes: Religion; Race; Propaganda; Newspapers & Magazines; Neutrality; Intellectual Exchange; Imperial Strategy
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In this report of 20 December 1916, the British Foreign Office outlines its propaganda activities in the Muslim world. The list demonstrates the global scope of British-led ‘Muslim propaganda’…

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Themes: Religion; Race; Propaganda; Newspapers & Magazines; Neutrality; Language; Intellectual Exchange; Imperial Strategy
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In this report addressed to the German Foreign Office, the anti-colonial Indonesian writer and politician Ernest Douwes Dekker (image 1) describes his secret mission to travel from Rotterdam to…

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Themes: Race; Propaganda; Neutrality; Mobility; Language; Intellectual Exchange; Imperial Strategy; Captivity
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In this October 1915 report, the German envoy in the Netherlands, Richard von Kühlmann, discussed German ambitions in the Netherlands, Belgium, and Flanders. To read the original report, please click…

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Themes: Race; Propaganda; Newspapers & Magazines; Neutrality; Language; Intellectual Exchange; Imperial Strategy
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In this report of 18 March 1917, the French envoy Henri Allizé to The Hague listed all pan-Islamic propaganda printed by German officials in the Netherlands and circulated to the British and French…

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Themes: Religion; Race; Propaganda; Newspapers & Magazines; Neutrality; Language; Intellectual Exchange; Imperial Strategy
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